Today’s posting will combine some conceptual elements which Loomis has outlined in earlier sections of the book, with some rules which are better stated in his companion book “Figure Drawing for all its Worth” (which will be reviewed on this blog in time). The concept Loomis is outlining is “Establishing a Key Figure”. It is akin to his rule about setting up the relative heights between human figures standing in perspective. The added element is exactly how does one properly determine a human figure’s height?
Before too much is stated, I want to address some generic disputes which arise when discussion of humanity and attractiveness is considered. In the following discussion, it is considered that symmetry is more attractive then incongruence, and that upright, slightly elongated figures are more appealing to the eye, than are hunched and squat figures. This model of beauty is defined by Classical aesthetics, and it has been the standard in the Western World for over 2000 years. Contrary points of view are a derivative of the very recent movement of Post Modernism, and the full-frontal attack on Western Values. Andrew Loomis does not consider Post Modern takes which subvert Classical definitions of beauty in favour of alternate positions.
Let us get underway by defining how one sets up the proper proportions of the human figure.
Many books outline the method of ‘measuring in heads’ to find out the attractive proportions with which to render a human figure. Andrew Loomis uses the same method, but he adds many important considerations which are usually overlooked in other books.
Academic measurement of the human body is 7.5 heads tall. This measurement is generally accepted as being true to reality, on average. The particular height of a person is not altered by this measurement proportion method. For instance, a 6 foot tall person and a 5 foot tall person could both be measured at being 7.5 heads tall, the difference being the head unit size would be larger on the taller person.
Furthermore, the average width of the figure is taken to be 2 heads wide. This measurement is fully represented at the outer edge of the shoulder, as it turns down into the arm; basically in a line straight across the chest.
Here is a drawing I have done, measured at 7.5 heads tall.
The problem with this measurement of the figure is that, despite it being accurate to life, it produces a figure which appears rather stumpy, and unimpressive. As far as illustration is concerned, the choice to represent an idealized version of humanity is preferable, rather than representing a naturalistic version of humanity.
The measurement of the idealized version of the figure will be explained in the next posting.
See you then.